[Scientific Reports] Pulsation of electrified jet in capillary microfluidics
In this work, we investigate the pulsation of an electrically charged jet surrounded by an immiscible dielectric liquid in flow-focusing capillary microfluidics. We have characterized a low-frequency large-amplitude pulsation and a high-frequency small-amplitude pulsation, respectively. The former, due to the unbalanced charge and fluid transportation is responsible for generating droplets with a broad size distribution. The latter is intrinsic and produces droplets with a relatively narrow size distribution. Moreover, the average size of the final droplets can be tuned via the intrinsic pulsating frequency through changing the diameter of the emitted liquid jet. Our results provide degree of control over the emulsion droplets with submicron sizes generated in microfluidic-electrospray platform.
Xiong Li, Shanshan Wei, Liucheng Chen, Gang Qu, Huisheng Zhang, Zhou Liu, Liqiu Wang, Tiantian Kong & Tianfu Wang Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 5673 (2017) doi:10.1038/s41598-017-05477-9