[Jove] Microfluidic-based Synthesis of Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs): A Tool for Continuous Pro
Covalent Organic Frameworks (COFs) are a class of porous covalent materials which are frequently synthesized as unprocessable crystalline powders. The first COF was reported in 2005 with much effort centered on the establishment of new synthetic routes for its preparation. To date, most available synthetic methods for COF synthesis are based on bulk mixing under solvothermal conditions. Therefore, there is increasing interest in developing systematic protocols for COF synthesis that provide for fine control over reaction conditions and improve COF processability on surfaces, which is essential for their use in practical applications. Herein, we present a novel microfluidic-based method for COF synthesis where the reaction between two constituent building blocks, 1,3,5-benzenetricarbaldehyde (BTCA) and 1,3,5-tris(4-aminophenyl)benzene (TAPB), takes place under controlled diffusion conditions and at room temperature. Using such an approach yields sponge-like, crystalline fibers of a COF material, hereafter called MF-COF. The mechanical properties of MF-COF and the dynamic nature of the approach allow the continuous production of MF-COF fibers and their direct printing onto surfaces. The general method opens new potential applications requiring advanced printing of 2D or 3D COF structures on flexible or rigid surfaces.
Afshin Abrishamkar1, David Rodríguez-San-Miguel2, Jorge Andrés Rodríguez Navarro3, Romen Rodriguez-Trujillo4, David B. Amabilino5, Ruben Mas-Ballesté2, Félix Zamora2,6,7, Andrew J. deMello1, Josep Puigmarti-Luis1
1Institute of Chemical and Bioengineering, Department of Chemistry and Applied Bioscience, ETH Zurich, 2Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 3Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Granada, 4Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), 5School of Chemistry, University of Nottingham, 6Condensed Matter Physics Center (IFMAC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, 7Instituto Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia (IMDEA Nanociencia)