[Jove] An All-on-chip Method for Rapid Neutrophil Chemotaxis Analysis Directly from a Drop of Blood
Neutrophil migration and chemotaxis are critical for our body's immune system. Microfluidic devices are increasingly used for investigating neutrophil migration and chemotaxis owing to their advantages in real-time visualization, precise control of chemical concentration gradient generation, and reduced reagent and sample consumption. Recently, a growing effort has been made by the microfluidic researchers toward developing integrated and easily operated microfluidic chemotaxis analysis systems, directly from whole blood. In this direction, the first all-on-chip method was developed for integrating the magnetic negative purification of neutrophils and the chemotaxis assay from small blood volume samples. This new method permits a rapid sample-to-result neutrophil chemotaxis test in 25 min. In this paper, we provide detailed construction, operation and data analysis method for this all-on-chip chemotaxis assay with a discussion on troubleshooting strategies, limitations and future directions. Representative results of the neutrophil chemotaxis assay testing a defined chemoattractant, N-Formyl-Met-Leu-Phe (fMLP), and sputum from a chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patient, using this all-on-chip method are shown. This method is applicable to many cell migration-related investigations and clinical applications.
Ke Yang*1,2,3, Jiandong Wu*3,4, Ling Zhu1, Yong Liu1, Michael Zhang5, Francis Lin3,4,6,7
1Institute of Applied Technology, Hefei Institutes of Physical Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 2University of Science and Technology of China, 3Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manitoba, 4Department of Biosystems Engineering, University of Manitoba, 5Seven Oaks General Hospital, 6Department of Immunology, University of Manitoba, 7Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba