[Scientific Reports] Analysis of Parasitic Protozoa at the Single-cell Level using Microfluidic Impe
At present, there are few technologies which enable the detection, identification and viability analysis of protozoan pathogens including Cryptosporidium and/or Giardia at the single (oo)cyst level. We report the use of Microfluidic Impedance Cytometry (MIC) to characterise the AC electrical (impedance) properties of single parasites and demonstrate rapid discrimination based on viability and species. Specifically, MIC was used to identify live and inactive C. parvum oocysts with over 90% certainty, whilst also detecting damaged and/or excysted oocysts. Furthermore, discrimination of Cryptosporidium parvum, Cryptosporidium muris and Giardia lamblia, with over 92% certainty was achieved. Enumeration and identification of (oo)cysts can be achieved in a few minutes, which offers a reduction in identification time and labour demands when compared to existing detection methods.
J. S. McGrath, C. Honrado, D. Spencer, B. Horton, H. L. Bridle & H. Morgan Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 2601 (2017) doi:10.1038/s41598-017-02715-y