[Biomedical Microdevices] Nano-Calorimetry based point of care biosensor for metabolic disease manag
Point of care (POC) diagnostics represents one of the fastest growing health care technology segments. Developments in microfabrication have led to the development of highly-sensitive nanocalorimeters ideal for directly measuring heat generated in POC biosensors. Here we present a novel nano-calorimeter-based biosensor design with differential sensing to eliminate common mode noise and capillary microfluidic channels for sample delivery to the thermoelectric sensor. The calorimeter has a resolution of 1.4 ± 0.2 nJ/(Hz)1/2 utilizing a 27 junction bismuth/titanium thermopile, with a total Seebeck coefficient of 2160 μV/K. Sample is wicked to the calorimeter through a capillary channel making it suitable for monitoring blood obtained through a finger prick (<1 μL sample required). We demonstrate device performance in a model assay using catalase, achieving a threshold for hydrogen peroxide quantification of 50 μM. The potential for our device as a POC blood test for metabolic diseases is shown through the quantification of phenylalanine (Phe) in serum, an unmet necessary service in the management of Phenylketonuria (PKU). Pegylated phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PEG-PAL) was utilized to react with Phe, but reliable detection was limited to <5 mM due to low enzymatic activity. The POC biosensor concept can be multiplexed and adapted to a large number of metabolic diseases utilizing different immobilized enzymes.
Evan KazuraBrad R. LubbersElliott DawsonJohn A. PhillipsIIIFranz BaudenbacherEmail author First Online: 31 May 2017 DOI: 10.1007/s10544-017-0181-4 Cite this article as: Kazura, E., Lubbers, B.R., Dawson, E. et al. Biomed Microdevices (2017) 19: 50. doi:10.1007/s10544-017-0181-4