[Angewandte Chemie] Rapid Microfluidic Dilution for Single-Molecule Spectroscopy of Low-Affinity Bio
To enable the investigation of low-affinity biomolecular complexes with confocal single-molecule spectroscopy, we have developed a microfluidic device that allows a concentrated sample to be diluted by up to five orders of magnitude within milliseconds, at the physical limit dictated by diffusion. We demonstrate the capabilities of the device by studying the dissociation kinetics and structural properties of low-affinity protein complexes using single-molecule two-color and three-color Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET). We show that the versatility of the device makes it suitable for studying complexes with dissociation constants from low nanomolar up to 10 μm, thus covering a wide range of biomolecular interactions. The design and precise fabrication of the devices ensure simple yet reliable operation and high reproducibility of the results.
Dr. Niels Zijlstra, Fabian Dingfelder, Dr. Bengt Wunderlich, Dr. Franziska Zosel, Dr. Stephan Benke, Dr. Daniel Nettels, Prof. Dr. Benjamin Schuler First published: 16 May 2017 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201702439