[Biophysical Journal] Resolution of Submillisecond Kinetics of Multiple Reaction Pathways for Lactat
Enzymes are known to exhibit conformational flexibility. An important consequence of this flexibility is that the same enzyme reaction can occur via multiple reaction pathways on a reaction landscape. A model enzyme for the study of reaction landscapes is lactate dehydrogenase. We have previously used temperature-jump (T-jump) methods to demonstrate that the reaction landscape of lactate dehydrogenase branches at multiple points creating pathways with varied reactivity. A limitation of this previous work is that the T-jump method makes only small perturbations to equilibrium and may not report conclusively on all steps in a reaction. Therefore, interpreting T-jump results of lactate dehydrogenase kinetics has required extensive computational modeling work. Rapid mixing methods offer a complementary approach that can access large perturbations from equilibrium; however, traditional enzyme mixing methods like stopped-flow do not allow for the observation of fast protein dynamics. In this report, we apply a microfluidic rapid mixing device with a mixing time of <100 μs that allows us to study these fast dynamics and the catalytic redox step of the enzyme reaction. Additionally, we report UV absorbance and emission T-jump results with improved signal-to-noise ratio at fast times. The combination of mixing and T-jump results yields an unprecedented view of lactate dehydrogenase enzymology, confirming the timescale of substrate-induced conformational change and presence of multiple reaction pathways.
Michael J. Reddish, Robert Callender'Correspondence information about the author Robert CallenderEmail the author Robert Callender, R. Brian Dyer DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bpj.2017.03.031 |