[Nano Express] Immobilization of pH-sensitive CdTe Quantum Dots in a Poly(acrylate) Hydrogel for Mic
Microfluidic devices present the basis of modern life sciences and chemical information processing. To control the flow and to allow optical readout, a reliable sensor material that can be easily utilized for microfluidic systems is in demand. Here, we present a new optical readout system for pH sensing based on pH sensitive, photoluminescent glutathione capped cadmium telluride quantum dots that are covalently immobilized in a poly(acrylate) hydrogel. For an applicable pH sensing the generated hybrid material is integrated in a microfluidic sensor chip setup. The hybrid material not only allows in situ readout, but also possesses valve properties due to the swelling behavior of the poly(acrylate) hydrogel. In this work, the swelling property of the hybrid material is utilized in a microfluidic valve seat, where a valve opening process is demonstrated by a fluid flow change and in situ monitored by photoluminescence quenching. This discrete photoluminescence detection (ON/OFF) of the fluid flow change (OFF/ON) enables upcoming chemical information processing.
M. Franke†, S. Leubner†, A. Dubavik†Email author, A. George, T. Savchenko, C. Pini, P. Frank, D. Melnikau, Y. Rakovich, N. Gaponik, A. Eychmüller and A. RichterEmail author †Contributed equally Nanoscale Research Letters201712:314 DOI: 10.1186/s11671-017-2069-x© The Author(s). 2017 Received: 6 January 2017Accepted: 12 April 2017Published: 27 April 2017