[Biomicrofluidics] Microfluidic measurement for blood flow and platelet adhesion around a stenotic c
Platelet aggregation affects the surrounding blood flow and usually occurs where a blood vessel is narrowed as a result of atherosclerosis. The relationship between blood flow and platelet aggregation is not yet fully understood. This study proposes a microfluidic method to measure the velocity and platelet aggregation simultaneously by combining the micro-particle image velocimetry technique and a correlation mapping method. The blood flow and platelet adhesion procedure in a stenotic micro-channel with 90% severity were observed for a relatively long period of 4 min. In order to investigate the effect of tile size on the detection of platelet adhesion, 2D correlation coefficients were evaluated with binary images obtained by manual labeling and the correlation mapping method with different sizes of the square tile ranging from 3 to 50 pixels. The maximum 2D correlation coefficient occurred with the optimum tile size of 5 × 5 pixels. Since the blood flow and platelet aggregation are mutually influenced by each other, blood flow and platelet adhesion were continuously varied. When there was no platelet adhesion (t = 0 min), typical blood flow is observed. The blood flow passes through the whole channel smoothly, and jet-like flow occurs in the post-stenosis region. However, the flow pattern changes when platelet adhesion starts at the stenosis apex and after the stenosis. These adhesions induce narrow high velocity regions to become wider over a range of area from upstream to downstream of the stenosis. Separated jet-like flows with two high velocity regions are also created. The changes in flow patterns may alter the patterns of platelet adhesion. As the area of the plate adhesion increases, the platelets plug the micro-channel and there is only a small amount of blood flow, finally. The microfluidic method could provide new insights for better understanding of the interactions between platelet aggregation and blood flow in various physiological conditions.
Sung Yong Jung1 and Eunseop Yeom2,a)Hide Affiliations 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju, South Korea 2School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, South Korea a)E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org. Fax: +82-51-514-5236.
Biomicrofluidics 11, 024119 (2017); doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4982605