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[Journal of Non-Newtonian Fluid Mechanics] Confinement effects on the rotational microflows of a vis


Abstract:

The last decade has seen a rise in the use of microfluidics based portable diagnostic devices, especially on the rotational platform (lab on a compact disc). One of the intrinsic problems with such devices is that experimental measurement of the flow fields and flow rates is difficult, owing to high rotational speeds. Hence, there is a need to computationally explore the flow and mixing involved in such devices and identify the optimal parameters of operation with respect to bio-fluids, many of which exhibit viscoelastic behavior. We, therefore, study the startup electro-osmotic flow of a viscoelastic fluid in a rotating rectangular microfluidic channel described by the Oldroyd-B model. The combination of the elastic and viscous nature of viscoelastic fluids brings out novel flow physics in a rotating rectangular microchannel, which we explore in detail. In particular, we show that the development of secondary flow in the channel due to the Coriolis forcing starts forming the vortex structures in the field aided by the lateral confinement of the channel, which may be of useful towards an enhancement in mixing in microfluidic devices.

P Kaushika, P Abhimanyub, Pranab Kumar Mondalc, Suman Chakrabortya, , a Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, Kharagpur, 721302, India b Center for Neuroscience, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India c Department of Mechanical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati, 781039, India Received 12 January 2017, Revised 13 April 2017, Accepted 17 April 2017, Available online 21 April 2017 Show less http://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnnfm.2017.04.006

Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0377025717300149

#centrifugalmicrofluidics #diagnostics #microchannels #viscoelastic #physics

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