[Cell Medicine] Measurement of DNA Length Changes Upon CpG Hypermethylation by Microfluidic Molecula
Abnormal DNA methylation in CpG-rich promoters is recognized as a distinct molecular feature of precursor lesions to cancer. Such unintended methylation can occur during in vitro differentiation of stem cells. It takes place in a subset of genes during the differentiation or expansion of stem cell derivatives under general culture conditions, which may need to be monitored in future cell transplantation studies. Here we demonstrate a microfluidic device for investigating morphological length changes in DNA methylation. Arrayed polymer chains of single DNA molecules were fluorescently observed by parallel trapping and stretching in the microfluidic channel. This observational study revealed that the shortened DNA length is due to the increased rigidity of the methylated DNA molecule. The trapping rate of the device for DNA molecules was substantially unaffected by changes in the CpG methylation.
Authors: Onoshima, Daisuke; Kawakita, Naoko; Takeshita, Daiki; Niioka, Hirohiko; Yukawa, Hiroshi; Miyake, Jun; Baba, Yoshinobu
Source: Cell Medicine, Volume 9, Numbers 1-2, 2017, pp. 61-66(6)
Publisher: Cognizant Communication Corporation