[Microfluidics and Nanofluidics] Size-selective separation of magnetic nanospheres in a microfluidic
This paper reported an efficient method to size-selective separate magnetic nanospheres using a self-focusing microfluidic channel equipped with a permanent magnet. Under external magnetic field, the magnetophoresis force exerted on particles leads to size-dependent deflections from their laminar flow paths and results in effective particles separation. By adjusting the distance between magnet and main path of channel, we obtained two monodisperse nanosphere samples (Ca. 90 nm, Ca. 160 nm) from polydispersing particles solution whose diameters varied from 40 to 280 nm. Based on the magnetostatic and laminar flow models, numerical simulations were also used to predict and optimize the nanospheres migrations. Two thresholds of particles diameters were obtained by the simulations and diverse at each position of magnet. Therefore, appropriate position of the magnet could be determined at a certain particle sizes’ range when the flow rate of the two inlets remains unchanged.
Jie Wu, Qifan Yan, Shouhu Xuan, Xinglong Gong
Wu, J., Yan, Q., Xuan, S. et al. Microfluid Nanofluid (2017) 21: 47. doi:10.1007/s10404-017-1886-7